The term ‘Franchise Area Development’…
means one specific type of business relationship in franchising. But the principles describe other relationships like master franchise or regional developer. The concept is quite simple. A franchisor grants rights to develop a specific geographic territory to a willing, and hopefully able, business entity. In the world of franchise area development, that’s where the simplicity ends and the nuances begin.
Whether the developer owns and operates each new unit, or sells them to new franchisees, there are a number of hurdles in forming the development strategy and the relationship. The major issue is the nature of the agreement.
Franchise Area Development – Developer is Owner of All Units
Here, the developer is responsible for opening a specified number of units based on a pre-determined schedule. In each case the developer is also the franchisee or owner of the units. The pressure sits squarely on the developer’s shoulders to meet deadlines or lose development rights, along with the deposit that secured rights to the project. Of course, franchise area development is usually to the franchisor’s advantage because the franchisor is gaining the potential for many units on the basis of one franchise sale. There is little downside for the franchisor in this scenario. If the developer does not produce, the territory can be re-marketed. However, there is not only the possibility of losing the down payment made on each unit to be developed, there is a real potential for disaster if the concept is unproven.
If the first unit built in the territory is a bust one can cut their losses by not opening more units, but there will be a large cost lost in the initial franchise area development rights and the cost of opening the first unit. Of course the strongest argument in favor of this arrangement is the success of many concepts wherein early investors own multiple units. It takes deep pockets and a great concept that works across geographic boundaries. It also requires good organizational skills, good franchise relationships, focus, and a strong constitution. The main caveat? Buy a concept that has proved successful in a variety of markets. And don’t let greed get the upper hand.
Franchise Area Development – Developer is a Franchise Owner and Franchise Seller
In a twist to the first scenario the developer grows a territory through a combination of units that the developer owns and others that the developer sells. The developer seeds the area with at least one self-owned unit and then works with the franchisor in securing and supporting other franchisees in the territory. If handled correctly, there are several advantages to this arrangement. The developer acts like a franchisor by using other people’s money and management to grow the area in the form of new units.
The developer can also share in the royalty stream generated by franchisees. The franchisor benefits from the close proximity of supervision and support provided by the developer. The franchisee also benefits from that proximity. The downside of course, is that if either franchisor or developer do not provide the support services required, the trickle down effect on franchisees could throw the franchise area development into turmoil. The main caveat here? Above all, both the developer and the franchisor must have the skills to perform their part of the agreement.
The Science of Franchise Area Development
The science of the concept involves proper test marketing, pricing, support splits, training assignments, organizational and operational guidelines. Demographic analysis, and sales to good franchisees to build a sound foundation. All of this is basic franchising 101. BUT, the “art” of the concept is something entirely different.
The Art of Franchise Area Development
Art is measured by the quality and creativity of the strategic plan. That makes the difference between success and merely formalizing an agreement. Personalities, goals and visions must mesh, but even then, the results of poor planning will kill the initial dream. With good strategic planning, area development can be successful. Beyond the obvious need to begin with a quality franchise offering, it is again the concept of fit that will spell the difference between success and failure.
In addition to this article, you can hear about franchise area development via franchise streaming audio.